Alan explains why the Bible is more historically reliable than the Qur'an.
00:01 Is the Qur'an as trustworthy as the Bible?
00:03 I'll give you one reason why it's not.
00:09 Well one of the main reasons I find the Qur'an untrustworthy has to do with the
00:14 source criticism, which entails studying the sources upon which a text relies.
00:19 For example, the Qur'an tells stories about Jesus that are from
00:24 sources known to be fraudulent. For example, in Surah 19, you can read the
00:28 story of Jesus' birth, and we're told that the pains of childbirth drove Mary
00:33 under a palm tree. And she hears this voice that tells her that God will
00:37 provide for her, at which point the tree provides her with some dates and a
00:41 stream that appears below it. So she could, of course, now eat, and drink, and be
00:45 comforted. Now, we don't see that story in the gospels which, of course, were
00:50 eyewitnesses or written by eyewitnesses of Jesus' life. But we do see this story
00:54 in almost exact same detail in the lost books of the Bible, which are
00:59 second-century apocryphal fables written over a hundred
01:02 years after Jesus was born. In fact, there are other stories about Jesus where He
01:07 speaks in full sentences while still a baby and makes birds come alive after
01:11 shaping them out of clay. Now, although these stories are not found in the
01:16 gospel accounts, they are found in the first gospel of the infancy of Jesus
01:20 Christ and the infancy gospel of Thomas which, again, are apocryphal gospels
01:26 written, in some cases, hundreds of years after Jesus' life and are known to be
01:31 fakes. Now, one of the most dramatic examples of the Qur'an borrowing from
01:35 other sources is in Surah 5:32 where the context is about Cain killing Abel. Now,
01:41 this verse contains a warning that if you kill one innocent person like Cain
01:46 did with Abel, it's as bad as killing all of humanity. But if you save one life,
01:51 it's as good as saving all of humanity. Now, it turns out those words are almost
01:56 identical to a Jewish rabbi's commentary on Genesis 4:10 found in the Jewish
02:02 literature of the Talmud written about four hundred years before the Qur'an. Now,
02:06 the rabbi argues that the Hebrew word for "blood" is written in
02:09 plural form, and because of that grammatical point, key reasons that even
02:15 though Abel was a single person killing him is as bad as killing all of humanity.
02:19 Now to me, this is incorrect commentary right? But the Qur'an inadvertently quotes
02:24 that mistaken commentary written by a Jewish rabbi and then passes it off as
02:29 divine writ. Now remember, Muslims claim that Qur'an is a book that was written
02:33 exclusively by Allah and has eternally existed in Heaven. So they don't believe
02:39 in the doctrine of inspiration. They don't claim Allah inspired human authors to
02:43 write down the words of the Qur'an. Every word is supposed to be from the mouth of
02:48 Allah. And that's why it's significant that the Qur'an copies words from a
02:52 Jewish rabbi who wrote down mistaken commentary about Genesis 4. And
02:56 that's one of the reasons I don't think the Qur'an is trustworthy.